With around 40% of adult Americans owning a gun or living with someone that does, chances that you are looking for a gun option are pretty high. If you are feeling a bit overwhelmed because of all the shapes and size options, trust us – you are not alone, but you are in the right place. We have put together this short guide to share about all the different types of guns. 

Keep reading to learn the ins and outs and feel like a gun master.


Shotguns are designed to fire shells that contain small pellets or a slug. These guns have a smooth bore, which means that the inside of the barrel is smooth, instead of feeling rifled.

They are usually used for hunting, sport shooting, and self-defense. You can also look into reloading 308 bullets when you are looking to invest in more bullets.


These are guns that are designed to be held and fired with only one hand. The two most common types of handguns are pistols and revolvers. Pistols have a magazine that holds the bullets, and revolvers have a revolving cylinder that holds the cartridges.

Handguns tend to be smaller, so they are a lot more popular for self-defense. 


Rifles are long guns that are designed to be fired from the shoulder. They have a long barrel and a stock to support the gun against the shoulder. Rifles are usually more accurate than handguns and are commonly used for hunting, target shooting, and military operations.

Assault Rifles

Assault rifles are military-style rifles that are designed to be used in combat. They are lightweight, portable, and can fire in either semi-automatic or fully automatic mode. Assault rifles are highly controversial and are heavily regulated in most countries.

Submachine Guns

Submachine guns are small, lightweight firearms that are designed to be used in close quarters combat. They are fully automatic and can fire rapidly. They are usually used by both law enforcement and military personnel.

Machine Guns

Machine guns are fully automatic firearms that are designed to fire rapidly and continuously. They are mainly used by the military and are heavily regulated in most countries.

Sniper Rifles

Sniper rifles are high-precision rifles that are designed to be used by trained marksmen. They are used for long-range shooting and are also normally used by military and law enforcement.

Feeling Like a Pro About the Different Types of Guns?

Now that you are familiar with the different types of guns, we hope you are feeling like a pro. Even though buying a gun means you have to sift through all your options, understanding them will help keep you safer. Please always remember all the safety rules that come with owning a gun. 

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