Understanding the Difference Between Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Did you know that there are eight classifications of cannabinoids? Only one of these, THC, is responsible for the feeling of getting high. But do you know how others influence the flavor and effects of a plant?
Related to cannabinoids are terpenes, which give plants an aroma and are found across the natural world.
Read on as we discuss cannabinoids and terpenes.
Terpenes are around us every day. They are what gives fruit its flavor and flowers their scent. You just didn’t realize that you had been experiencing them until now.
In cannabis, it is responsible for the unique blend and taste of a bud. You can find them in plants all around the world, and at least 200 different ones are identifiable in cannabis plants.
Aromatherapy is heavily based on the usage of terpenes. In cannabis, terpenes get created and secreted in the resin glands of the plant. Thus, the type of terpenes in a plant can alter the high.
Different scents can distinguish different strains. The reason for terpene production and the various aromas lies in how plants reproduce in nature. Certain smells will deter predators and others will help lure pollinators to the plant.
Another function is that they help the plant regenerate and oxygenize. Despite the wide variety, only a few have an impact on the human body. These include terpenes such as myrcene, limonene, pinene, and caryophyllene.
Types of Terpenes
The many types of terpenes are found not just in the cannabis plant, but all over in the natural world. Below are the most prevalent ones.
You can find Myrcene in high volumes in mangos. It is also the primary terpene in the cannabis plant. The amount present will dictate if the plant is an Indica or Sativa strain.
Some cannabis can have around 65% of its terpene profile made from Myrcene. It relaxes the muscles and even aids in sleep.
The distinctive smell of pine trees is the result of pinene, a very unique terpene. However, it has two versions. Alpha is responsible for the pine smell, while beta is found in dill and rosemary and comes with a herbal scent.
Limonene is another self-explanatory terpene. You can find it in all citrus fruits in varying degrees. Many believe that it aids the respiratory system and has anti-inflammatory properties.
This terpene is another with a very distinctive smell. It has a spiced scent to it and is common in cinnamon and black pepper. You can use it as a great treatment for anxiety and some mental health issues.
Linalool has a very relaxing scent and is found in many aromatherapy studies. It is what gives lavender its ability to relax the body and aid sleep. It has also been known to reduce stress.
Humulene is found in lesser amounts but is still an important terpene. It is often found in hops, so you can taste it in IPA beers and craft lagers. It is spicy yet fruity at the same time and has antibacterial properties.
Cannabinoids are compounds derived from cannabis and hemp. They react with the human endocannabinoid system (ECS) in the body. While experts are still attempting to understand how this works fully, it is known to be a system that sends signals to cells in the body.
This system is active in the body regardless of your cannabis usage or not. Memory, sleep, mood, and appetite are all controlled by the ECS. By taking cannabinoids you can change how these are sent and processed.
Currently, there are around 80 to 100 known cannabinoids. Each produces different strains with hir own unique advantages and benefits. This is why a lot of research is put into getting the correct blend for certain conditions.
Cannabinoids are often confused with THC. This is the compound that gives the feeling of being high. For example, CBG Isolate by GVB Biopharma is one of many products that remove the cannabinoids from the THC for its pharmaceutical properties.
What Do Cannabinoids Do?
When you introduce cannabinoids into the body, either through pharmacy products or when you smoke marijuana, they have different effects on receptors in the body. Below is a list of results people have suggested they are good at treating.
- Pain Relief
- Reduction of Inflammation
- Reduce Anxiety
- Stimulate Appetite
- Slow Tumor Growth
- Reduce Insomnia
- Increase Appetite
- Reduce Muscle Seizures
Cannabinoids and Terpenes
When these two work together in the body, they produce a synergy known as the entourage effect. This is when they increase the flow of blood, kill respiratory pathogens and positively impact brain activity. They do this by attaching to different receptors in the brain.
Studies have identified this as a treatment for a number of ailments. From life-threatening issues such as cancer and epilepsy to fungal and bacterial infections, and mental health issues like depression and anxiety.
Some products can classify as both a cannabinoid and terpenes in one. Beta-caryophyllene, for example, is useful in treating autoimmune diseases and gastro problems. The way it interacts with the receptors in the body means it falls under the classification for both.
Using Cannabinoids and Terpenes
Using cannabinoids and terpenes comes down to what you actually want them for. Research their medical applications and make sure it is backed by evidence. After this, buy only high-quality products.
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