Public utilities play a vital role in society by offering crucial services to the public. As these utilities are crucial for everyday life, the question arises: How many jobs are available in public utilities?

The job market in public utilities offers a wide range of opportunities for individuals seeking stable employment and a chance to contribute positively to society. Now, we will examine the job opportunities within public utilities and shed light on the various sectors within this field.


What is Public Utility?

Public utilities are enterprises that offer services to the general public. These entities are subject to governmental oversight with a focus on customer service. 

These utilities typically include electricity, water supply, natural gas, telecommunications, and transportation. The concept of public utilities stems from the recognition that certain services are necessary for the public’s everyday lives and the overall functioning of communities.

Different Types of Public Utilities

Public utilities encompass various sectors that cater to different essential services. Let’s explore some of the main types of public utilities:

Water and Sewage

Water and sewage utilities manage the treatment, disposal, and distribution of water and wastewater. In addition to providing clean, hygienic water, they maintain wastewater management and treatment facilities.


Electricity utilities generate, transmit, and distribute electrical power to consumers. Additionally to managing the electrical grid, they address power generation, transmission, and distribution problems.


Gas utilities provide natural gas supply to homes, businesses, and industries. They oversee the transportation and distribution of natural gas, ensuring its safe delivery and maintaining the infrastructure required for its supply.


Telecommunications utilities offer communication services, including landline and mobile telephony, internet access, and data transmission. They provide the necessary infrastructure and technologies for effective communication among individuals, businesses, and institutions.

How Many Jobs Are Available in Public Utilities?

Based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1.4 million jobs are estimated to be available in the public utility industry.

After healthcare/social assistance, transportation/communications, and education/training, it is the fifth most popular industry in terms of job openings in the United States.

The public utility sector boasts an impressive average annual salary of $75,950 for its workforce, surpassing the national average of $41,320. This industry stands as a substantial and continuously expanding field. Between 2008 and 2016, job opportunities within this sector saw a notable growth rate of 2.5%, and projections indicate an even more rapid expansion in the coming years.

Professionals in this industry earn an average yearly salary of $54,520, equivalent to an hourly wage of $42.52. The median annual income for individuals in this field is $75,950, with a median hourly wage of $46.63

Must-Read: Simple Side Hustles: 7 Ways To Make Extra Money On The Side

Jobs Available in the Public Utilities Sector

The public utility sector offers many well-paying jobs. Below is a list of current jobs in the sector.

1. Natural Gas Utilities Industry

Natural Gas Utilities Industry

Natural gas is vital in generating electricity and producing valuable thermal energy. In the United States, approximately 38% of all natural gas is dedicated to producing electric power.

Moreover, the heat derived from natural gas finds extensive applications in residential heating, water heating, and various industrial processes. Industrial sectors are significant consumers of natural gas in the United States.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, the industrial sector accounted for 33% of the country’s natural gas consumption in October 2020.

In a recent survey published in April 2022, ExxonMobil and Chevron emerged as the leading oil and natural gas producers in the United States. The report revealed that these two companies hold a substantial market share despite declining production. ExxonMobil and Chevron collectively contribute over 33% of the country’s oil and natural gas production.

2. Electric Power Utilities Sector

Electric Power Utilities Sector

In today’s modern world, providing electrical power is essential to fuel our homes, businesses, and industries. The United States has established a comprehensive public utility system to ensure universal access to electricity. Both regulatory bodies and state legislatures closely oversee the electric power industry, aiming to provide consumers with a reliable and affordable power supply.

Electric power is generated through power plants, which utilize various energy sources such as coal, hydroelectricity,  natural gas, fission, and solar energy. As of 2020, the U.S. electric power generation sector employed over 172,000 individuals, highlighting its significance in employment and economic contribution.

An integral component of our society, the electric power transmission industry is critical in delivering power transmission and distribution services to residential customers and businesses. Furthermore, they engage in wholesale electricity transactions with other companies, utilizing it within their facilities or reselling it at higher prices.

3. Water and Waste Utilities Sector

Water and Waste Utilities Sector

Maintaining sewage systems and water supply in the United States constitutes a significant and vital industry. Numerous organizations are involved in this field, each with a distinct role.

This industry treats and disposes of wastewater from residential and commercial premises. Its primary objective is to provide clean water and ensure its responsible utilization.

This process is crucial for preserving water resources’ cleanliness and health. The task of sewage removal is a massive undertaking that employs many individuals across the country. These organizations are tasked with the construction and maintenance of wastewater treatment plants.

Additionally, they collaborate with local state-run agencies to ensure compliance with regulations and safeguard the general public.

4. Public Service Utility Sector

In our everyday lives, we depend on various essential public services government agencies provide. Tax-funded services include police and fire protection, public education, and road maintenance.

While it is easy to overlook the significance of these services, they play a pivotal role in maintaining the safety and functionality of our communities. Incomplete or inadequate provision can profoundly affect our health.

Hence, ensuring that the public services we rely on are adequately financed and efficiently managed is imperative. Our collective responsibility is to ensure that our tax contributions are utilized effectively and optimally to deliver the necessary services.

Technological advancements have expanded the scope of public services, increasing employment opportunities. There is now a high demand for skilled individuals capable of delivering top-notch services to the public while addressing their inquiries and concerns.

Benefits of Working In the Public Utilities Sector

Working in the public utilities sector offers several benefits. Let’s explore these advantages in more detail:

Job Security

Governments typically establish and support public utilities, making job security a significant benefit for those in this sector. Governments prioritize the stability and continuity of essential services to the public, which translates into greater job security for employees. 

Public utilities are less susceptible to economic fluctuations than other industries, as their services are in constant demand regardless of economic conditions. This stability gives employees peace of mind, as they are less likely to face sudden layoffs or job insecurity.

Fair Wages

The public utilities sector often provides competitive and fair wages to its employees. This is due to the nature of the work involved in providing essential services to the public. Utilities such as water, electricity, gas, and telecommunications are vital for society. 

As a result, the sector recognizes the importance of attracting and retaining skilled professionals by offering appropriate compensation. Fair wages ensure that employees can support themselves and their families while motivating them to perform their duties effectively.

Social Impact

Working in the public utilities sector allows individuals to impact society positively. Employees contribute to the well-being and development of their communities by providing essential services.

They play a crucial role in ensuring that these services are accessible, reliable, and affordable for all members of society. This sense of purpose and the opportunity to serve the public can be gratifying for employees in the public utilities sector.

Opportunities for Advancement

Public utilities often offer career advancement opportunities. Because these organizations are typically large and multifaceted, employees can explore various roles and departments within them. It offers a variety of career paths, including technical, managerial, and leadership positions.

To enhance the skills and knowledge of its workforce, the sector may invest in professional development programs. This support for advancement and personal growth can appeal to individuals seeking long-term careers.

Must-Read: What Are The Different Ways To Invest Your Money?

Challenges in the Public Utilities Job Market

While the public utilities job market offers promising opportunities, it also faces several challenges. These challenges arise from technological advancements, environmental concerns, and changing regulations.

  • Technological Advancements

Rapid technological advancements have a significant impact on public utilities. Automation, smart grids, and digitalization are transforming the industry. As a result, job roles may evolve, requiring employees to adapt and learn new skills.

  • Environmental Concerns

Environmental sustainability is an increasing priority for public utilities. Increasingly renewable energy sources pose challenges and opportunities for efficient water management. Job seekers should be aware of emerging trends and developments in environmental practices.

  • Changing Regulations

Public utilities operate in a regulated environment. Regulation changes can affect job requirements and create new compliance challenges. Staying updated with the latest rules and adapting to evolving standards is crucial for professionals in this field.

Final Verdict

You get your answer for how many jobs are available in public utilities. Public utility salaries may not rival those in the private sector. The compensatory factors of job security and many employment perks more than compensate for this disparity.

Suppose any diverse utility service positions align with your qualifications or pique your interest. In that case, it is a clear signal to apply and reap the abundant rewards of employment in the utility sector.